Description

Enter the fediverse with ActivityPub, broadcasting your blog to a wider audience! Attract followers, deliver updates, and receive comments from a diverse user base of ActivityPub-compliant platforms.

With the ActivityPub plugin installed, your WordPress blog itself function as a federated profile, along with profiles for each author. For instance, if your website is example.com, then the blog-wide profile can be found at @example.com@example.com, and authors like Jane and Bob would have their individual profiles at @jane@example.com and @bobz@example.com, respectively.

An example: I give you my Mastodon profile name: @pfefferle@mastodon.social. You search, see my profile, and hit follow. Now, any post I make appears in your Home feed. Similarly, with the ActivityPub plugin, you can find and follow Jane’s profile at @jane@example.com.

Once you follow Jane’s @jane@example.com profile, any blog post she crafts on example.com will land in your Home feed. Simultaneously, by following the blog-wide profile @example.com@example.com, you’ll receive updates from all authors.

Note: if no one follows your author or blog instance, your posts remain unseen. The simplest method to verify the plugin’s operation is by following your profile. If you possess a Mastodon profile, initiate by following your new one.

The plugin works with the following tested federated platforms, but there may be more that it works with as well:

Some things to note:

  1. The blog-wide profile is only compatible with sites with rewrite rules enabled. If your site does not have rewrite rules enabled, the author-specific profiles may still work.
  2. Many single-author blogs have chosen to turn off or redirect their author profile pages, usually via an SEO plugin like Yoast or Rank Math. This is usually done to avoid duplicate content with your blog’s home page. If your author page has been deactivated in this way, then ActivityPub author profiles won’t work for you. Instead, you can turn your author profile page back on, and then use the option in your SEO plugin to noindex the author page. This will still resolve duplicate content issues with search engines and will enable ActivityPub author profiles to work.
  3. Once ActivityPub is installed, only new posts going forward will be available in the fediverse. Likewise, even if you’ve been using ActivityPub for a while, anyone who follows your site will only see new posts you publish from that moment on. They will never see previously-published posts in their Home feed. This process is very similar to subscribing to a newsletter. If you subscribe to a newsletter, you will only receive future emails, but not the old archived ones. With ActivityPub, if someone follows your site, they will only receive new blog posts you publish from then on.

So what’s the process?

  1. Install the ActivityPub plugin.
  2. Go to the plugin’s settings page and adjust the settings to your liking. Click the Save button when ready.
  3. Make sure your blog’s author profile page is active if you are using author profiles.
  4. Go to Mastodon or any other federated platform, and search for your profile, and follow it. Your new profile will be in the form of either @your_username@example.com or @example.com@example.com, so that is what you’ll search for.
  5. On your blog, publish a new post.
  6. From Mastodon, check to see if the new post appears in your Home feed.

Please note that it may take up to 15 minutes or so for the new post to show up in your federated feed. This is because the messages are sent to the federated platforms using a delayed cron. This avoids breaking the publishing process for those cases where users might have lots of followers. So please don’t assume that just because you didn’t see it show up right away that something is broken. Give it some time. In most cases, it will show up within a few minutes, and you’ll know everything is working as expected.

Blocks

This plugin provides 2 blocks.

  • Follow me on the Fediverse Display your Fediverse profile so that visitors can follow you.
  • Fediverse Followers Display your followers from the Fediverse on your website.

Installation

Follow the normal instructions for installing WordPress plugins.

Automatic Plugin Installation

To add a WordPress Plugin using the built-in plugin installer:

  1. Go to Plugins > Add New.
  2. Type “activitypub” into the Search Plugins box.
  3. Find the WordPress Plugin you wish to install.
    1. Click Details for more information about the Plugin and instructions you may wish to print or save to help setup the Plugin.
    2. Click Install Now to install the WordPress Plugin.
  4. The resulting installation screen will list the installation as successful or note any problems during the install.
  5. If successful, click Activate Plugin to activate it, or Return to Plugin Installer for further actions.

Manual Plugin Installation

There are a few cases when manually installing a WordPress Plugin is appropriate.

  • If you wish to control the placement and the process of installing a WordPress Plugin.
  • If your server does not permit automatic installation of a WordPress Plugin.
  • If you want to try the latest development version.

Installation of a WordPress Plugin manually requires FTP familiarity and the awareness that you may put your site at risk if you install a WordPress Plugin incompatible with the current version or from an unreliable source.

Backup your site completely before proceeding.

To install a WordPress Plugin manually:

  • Download your WordPress Plugin to your desktop.
  • If downloaded as a zip archive, extract the Plugin folder to your desktop.
  • With your FTP program, upload the Plugin folder to the wp-content/plugins folder in your WordPress directory online.
  • Go to Plugins screen and find the newly uploaded Plugin in the list.
  • Click Activate to activate it.

FAQ

tl;dr

This plugin connects your WordPress blog to popular social platforms like Mastodon, making your posts more accessible to a wider audience. Once installed, your blog can be followed by users on these platforms, allowing them to receive your new posts in their feeds.

What is the status of this plugin?

Implemented:

  • blog profile pages (JSON representation)
  • author profile pages (JSON representation)
  • custom links
  • functional inbox/outbox
  • follow (accept follows)
  • share posts
  • receive comments/reactions
  • signature verification
  • threaded comments support

To implement:

  • replace shortcodes with blocks for layout

What is “ActivityPub for WordPress”

ActivityPub for WordPress extends WordPress with some Fediverse features, but it does not compete with platforms like Friendica or Mastodon. If you want to run a decentralized social network, please use Mastodon or GNU social.

What if you are running your blog in a subdirectory?

If you are running your blog in a subdirectory, but have a different wp_siteurl, you don’t need the redirect, because the index.php will take care of that.

Constants

The plugin uses PHP Constants to enable, disable or change its default behaviour. Please use them with caution and only if you know what you are doing.

  • ACTIVITYPUB_REST_NAMESPACE – Change the default Namespace of the REST endpoint. Default: activitypub/1.0.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_EXCERPT_LENGTH – Change the length of the Excerpt. Default: 400.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_SHOW_PLUGIN_RECOMMENDATIONS – show plugin recommendations in the ActivityPub settings. Default: true.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_MAX_IMAGE_ATTACHMENTS – Change the number of attachments, that should be federated. Default: 3.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_HASHTAGS_REGEXP – Change the default regex to detect hashtext in a text. Default: (?:(?<=\s)|(?<=<p>)|(?<=<br>)|^)#([A-Za-z0-9_]+)(?:(?=\s|[[:punct:]]|$)).
  • ACTIVITYPUB_USERNAME_REGEXP – Change the default regex to detect @-replies in a text. Default: (?:([A-Za-z0-9\._-]+)@((?:[A-Za-z0-9_-]+\.)+[A-Za-z]+)).
  • ACTIVITYPUB_CUSTOM_POST_CONTENT – Change the default template for Activities. Default: <strong>[ap_title]</strong>\n\n[ap_content]\n\n[ap_hashtags]\n\n[ap_shortlink].
  • ACTIVITYPUB_AUTHORIZED_FETCH – Enable AUTHORIZED_FETCH. Default: false.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_DISABLE_REWRITES – Disable auto generation of mod_rewrite rules. Default: false.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_DISABLE_INCOMING_INTERACTIONS – Block incoming replies/comments/likes. Default: false.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_DISABLE_OUTGOING_INTERACTIONS – Disable outgoing replies/comments/likes. Default: false.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_SHARED_INBOX_FEATURE – Enable the shared inbox. Default: false.
  • ACTIVITYPUB_SEND_VARY_HEADER – Enable to send the Vary: Accept header. Default: false.

Where can you manage your followers?

If you have activated the blog user, you will find the list of his followers in the settings under /wp-admin/options-general.php?page=activitypub&tab=followers.

The followers of a user can be found in the menu under “Users” -> “Followers” or under wp-admin/users.php?page=activitypub-followers-list.

For reasons of data protection, it is not possible to see the followers of other users.

Reviews

17 July 2024
There isn’t rating scale that I would like to leave here – Max isn’t enough. A wise man’s words are worth their weight in gold. The plugin is designed for all platforms using the ActivityPub protocol, but maybe one day there will be a feature that will allow me to create a comment (toot) in Mastodon from a form on my blog page when WordPress local commenting system is disabled 🙂
25 April 2024 5 replies
Nice when it works, sadly most of the time it just doesn’t work.
22 March 2024
I was an early(ish) adopter of the plugin when I first learned of it. I installed it on a couple of self-hosted sites that I wanted to officially federate, and now I am at the point where every site I have has Activitypub installed.
Read all 27 reviews

Contributors and Developers

“ActivityPub” is open source software. The following people have contributed to this plugin.

Contributors

“ActivityPub” has been translated into 24 locales. Thank you to the translators for their contributions.

Translate “ActivityPub” into your language.

Interested in development?

Browse the code, check out the SVN repository, or subscribe to the development log by RSS.

Change Log

2.6.1

  • Fixed: Extra Fields will generate wrong entries

2.6.0

  • Added: Support for FEP-fb2a
  • Added: CRUD support for Extra Fields
  • Improved: Remote-Follow UI and UX
  • Improved: Open Graph fediverse:creator implementation
  • Fixed: Compatibility issues with fed.brid.gy
  • Fixed: Remote-Reply endpoint
  • Fixed: WebFinger Error Codes (thanks to the FediTest project)
  • Fixed: Fatal Error when wp_schedule_single_event third argument is being passed as a string

2.5.0

  • Added: WebFinger cors header
  • Added: WebFinger Content-Type
  • Added: The Fediverse creator of a post to OpenGraph
  • Improved: Try to lookup local users first for Enable Mastodon Apps
  • Improved: Send also Announces for deletes
  • Improved: Load time by adding count_total=false to WP_User_Query
  • Fixed: Several WebFinger issues
  • Fixed: Redirect issue for Application user
  • Fixed: Accessibilty issues with missing screen-reader-text on User overview page

2.4.0

  • Added: A core/embed block filter to transform iframes to links
  • Added: Basic support of incoming Announces
  • Added: Improve attachment handling
  • Added: Notifications: Introduce general class and use it for new follows
  • Added: Always fall back to get_by_username if one of the above fail
  • Added: Notification support for Jetpack
  • Added: EMA: Support for fetching external statuses without replies
  • Added: EMA: Remote context
  • Added: EMA: Allow searching for URLs
  • Added: EMA: Ensuring numeric ids is now done in EMA directly
  • Added: Podcast support
  • Added: Follower count to “At a Glance” dashboard widget
  • Improved: Use Note as default Object-Type, instead of Article
  • Improved: Improve AUTHORIZED_FETCH
  • Improved: Only send Mentions to comments in the direct hierarchy
  • Improved: Improve transformer
  • Improved: Improve Lemmy compatibility
  • Improved: Updated JS dependencies
  • Fixed: EMA: Add missing static keyword and try to lookup if the id is 0
  • Fixed: Blog-wide account when WordPress is in subdirectory
  • Fixed: Funkwhale URLs
  • Fixed: Prevent infinite loops in get_comment_ancestors
  • Fixed: Better Content-Negotiation handling

See full Changelog on GitHub.